What do we really mean when we say things? One of the most difficult parts of language learning is trying to work out what the words that someone else is saying really mean.
So, for example, when the young child asks mum for another biscuit and she replies: “You’ve already had one”, the child does not hear a negative, so will ask again. This time the answer might be: “No, I’ve already told you that you can’t.” Child then thinks “OK – ‘you’ve already had one’ = negative. Language Learning is much more complicated than I thought!”.
Often adults can make it just as complicated for other adults, sometimes on purpose! Check out the link to Anglo-EU translation: